In his latest article for Ethiopia Insight, Mind over matter: Abiy Ahmed’s aim to
‘Pentecostalize’ Ethiopian politics, René Lefort accused Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed of being a
religious zealot with a shallow understanding of Ethiopia’s history.
Yet the claims made in his article are not well substantiated.
Lefort says that unnamed sources tell him that “Abiy lacks political and historical knowledge.”
The reader expects the author to provide evidence for this claim, for example, by referring to
statements made by the Prime Minister, or by identifying government policies that are not
informed by history.
Lefort does nothing of the sort.
Instead, he merely states that Abiy’s “speeches and positioning suggest a stereotypical
conception of history, rather than a sound and thorough knowledge.” Lefort should be able to
more concretely and specifically substantiate the allegation against Abiy. Otherwise, it is
Others have described the Prime Minister differently. For example, Professor Jon Abbink of
Amsterdam University, a scholar of Ethiopian affairs, says he “is a thorough reformist and a type
of leader that the country had never seen before. He initiated significant political and legal
changes aimed to transform the authoritarian ‘political culture’ of Ethiopia.”
Lefort also writes that Abiy “sincerely believes he is a messiah.” This claim, like most of
Lefort’s conclusions about Abiy, rests on testimony of unnamed sources who Lefort says have
met, worked closely with, or spoken at length with Abiy.
Since they are anonymous, it is impossible for the reader to verify the claims. We are told that
one individual was willing to go on-the-record—yet that individual was not identified in the
The only people who Lefort does identify are opposition politician Merera Gudina and Tufts
University Professor Alex de Waal, neither of whom are neutral observers. De Waal was a close
acquaintance of the late Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF) leader and Ethiopian Prime
Minister Meles Zenawi, and has been an ardent supporter of the TPLF.
In discussing the alleged influence of Abiy’s religion on his policies, Lefort points out that “the
credo of the Prosperity Gospel is that the stronger the belief, the more God will reward the
believer with financial blessings.” It is easy to conflate any policy with a leader’s religion, but
the exercise sheds no light on the policy, other than to drag religion into the discussion.
Indeed, Abiy’s economic reforms were approved by the EPRDF. If Abiy’s economic policy is
based on the “Prosperity Gospel”, the EPRDF’s approval of the policy could be seen as divine
intervention as well—if we apply Lefort’s logic.
Lefort claims that Abiy’s popularity is waning. Does he have polling results? What is clear is the
barbaric attack of the TPLF on the Northern Command in the middle of the night has garnered
the armed forces and the Prime Minister much support. For evidence, see the huge
demonstrations shown on Ethiopian state television, as well as the material support that the
Ethiopian people have given to the armed forces.
His analysis also claims that foreign investment has declined in Ethiopia. Well, it may be news to
him, but investment has decreased globally, more so in Africa, because of COVID-19, according
to the UN’s trade organisation.
Lefort alleges that Abiy would like to establish a unitarian state, which he says “is more often
perceived as an attempt to return [Ethiopia’s periphery] to a former position of subordination.”
Lefort ignores that during the TPLF’s time, certain ethnic groups were officially branded as
“backward” and unworthy of being represented in the ruling front.
Further, Abiy has not taken any step towards establishing a unitarian state.
The conflict between the TPLF and the central government was not due to ideological
differences, as Lefort argues. The TPLF wanted to regain power through rebellion. Even late
TPLF co-founder Seyoum Mesfin, recently killed by Ethiopian forces in Tigray, said that the
TPLF sought to topple Abiy’s government. It cannot be clearer than that, and the government
Lefort closes his article by claiming that, “For onlookers on all sides, domestic and external,
even among leaders in the Horn of Africa, the specter that now raises its head is of ethnic
slaughter at a scale even more terrible than in former Yugoslavia.” He says that people are
“pleading tirelessly” for an “inclusive national dialogue” to avert such disaster. But, he says,
Abiy has “systematically refused, either because he sincerely believes he is a messiah…or
simply out of a thirst for power.”
The TPLF leaders had also threatened that unless they continued ruling Ethiopia, the country
would become another Rwanda. But it was under TPLF rule that ethnic differences hardened into
institutionalized hatred, so only the downfall of the TPLF will avert the “ethnic slaughter” that
History will judge Abiy’s role at this critical juncture. To many Ethiopians, his government’s
handling of the TPLF has already made him an Ethiopian hero.
(Ethiopian Insight, January 20, 2021)